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Recommendations for Management of Equine Athletes with Cardiovascular Abnormalities

Consensus Statements of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) and European College of Equine Internal Medicine (ECEIM) provide the veterinary community with up‐to‐date information on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of clinically important animal diseases.


This consensus statement presents a general approach to the assessment of cardiovascular abnormalities, followed by a discussion of the common murmurs and arrhythmias. The description, diagnosis, evaluation, and prognosis are considered for each cardiovascular abnormality. The recommendations presented herein are based on available literature and a consensus of the panelists.


Please find the relevant consensus statement here



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